Utterson has been close friends with Lanyon and Dr jekyll. However, Utterson is not immune to guilt, as, while he is quick to investigate and judge the faults of others even for the benefit of his friends, Stevenson states that "he was humbled to the dust by the many ill things he had done". Whatever these "ill things" may be, he does not partake in gossip or other views of the upper class out of respect for his fellow man. Often the last remaining friend of the down-falling, he finds an interest in others' downfalls, which creates a spark of interest not only in jekyll but also regarding Hyde. He comes to the conclusion that human downfall results from indulging oneself in topics of interest. As a result of this line of reasoning, he lives life as a recluse and "dampens his taste for the finer items of life".
Dr, jekyll and Mr Hyde
He has spent a great part of his life trying to repress evil urges that were not fitting for a man of his stature. He creates a serum, or potion, in an attempt to mask this hidden evil within his personality. However, in doing so, jekyll transpired into the smaller, younger, cruel, remorseless, evil Hyde. Jekyll has many friends and an amiable personality, but as Hyde, he becomes mysterious and violent. As time goes by, hyde grows writers in power. After taking the potion repeatedly, he no longer relies upon it english to unleash his inner demon,. E., his alter ego. Eventually, hyde grows so strong that jekyll becomes reliant on the potion to remain conscious. Gabriel John Utterson edit gabriel John Utterson, a lawyer and loyal friend of jekyll's (and Lanyon's is the character the narrator focuses on and follows in Utterson's quest to discover the identity of Hyde. Utterson is a measured and at all times emotionless, bachelor who nonetheless seems believable, trustworthy, tolerant of the faults of others, and indeed genuinely likable.
The shock of the sight instigated Lanyon's deterioration and death. Meanwhile, jekyll's involuntary transformations increased in frequency and required ever larger doses of serum to reverse. It was one of these transformations that caused jekyll to slam his window shut on Enfield and Utterson. Eventually, one of the chemicals used in the serum ran low, and subsequent batches prepared from new stocks failed to work. Jekyll speculated that one of the original ingredients must have some unknown impurity that made it work. Knowing he would become hyde permanently, jekyll decided to write his "confession". He ended the letter by writing, "I bring resume the life of that unhappy henry jekyll to an end." Characters edit Dr Henry jekyll/Mr Edward Hyde edit main article:. Hyde (character) Dr jekyll is a "large, well-made, smooth-faced man of fifty with something of a slyish cast 14 who occasionally feels he is battling between the good and evil within himself, upon leading to the struggle between his dual personalities of Henry jekyll and.
Jekyll resolved to cease becoming Hyde. One night, he had a moment of weakness and drank the serum. Hyde, furious at having been caged for so long, killed Carew. Horrified, jekyll short tried more adamantly to stop the transformations. Then, in early january, he transformed involuntarily while awake. Far from his laboratory and hunted by the police as a murderer, hyde needed help to avoid capture. He wrote to lanyon (in jekyll's hand asking his friend to bring chemicals from his laboratory. In Lanyon's presence, hyde mixed the chemicals, drank the serum, and transformed into jekyll.
They find a letter from jekyll to Utterson. Utterson reads Lanyon's letter, then jekyll's. Lanyon's letter reveals his deterioration resulted from the shock of seeing Hyde drink a serum that turned him into jekyll. Jekyll's letter explains that he had indulged in unstated vices and feared discovery. He found a way to transform himself and thereby indulge his vices without fear of detection. Jekyll's transformed personality, hyde, was evil, self-indulgent, and uncaring to anyone but himself. Initially, jekyll controlled the transformations with the serum, but one night in August, he became hyde involuntarily in his sleep.
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Utterson recognizes the cane as one he had given to jekyll. Utterson visits jekyll, who shows Utterson a note, allegedly written to jekyll by hyde, apologising for the trouble that he has caused. However, hyde's handwriting is similar to jekyll's own, leading Utterson to conclude that jekyll forged the note to protect Hyde. For two months, jekyll reverts to his former sociable manner, but in early january, he starts professional refusing visitors. Dr Hastie lanyon, a mutual acquaintance of jekyll and Utterson, dies of shock after receiving information relating to jekyll. Before his death, grey lanyon gives Utterson a letter to be opened after jekyll's death or disappearance.
In late february, during another walk with Enfield, Utterson starts a conversation with jekyll at a window of his laboratory. Jekyll suddenly slams the window and disappears. In early march, jekyll's butler,. Poole, visits Utterson and says jekyll has secluded himself in his laboratory for weeks. Utterson and poole break into the laboratory, where they find Hyde wearing jekyll's clothes and apparently dead from suicide.
The novella was written in the southern English seaside town of bournemouth, where Stevenson had moved due to ill health, to benefit from its sea air and warmer southern climate. Citation needed The name jekyll was borrowed from reverend Walter jekyll, a friend of Stevenson and younger brother of horticulturalist and landscape designer Gertrude jekyll. 13 Gabriel John Utterson and his cousin Richard Enfield reach the door of a large house on their weekly walk. Enfield tells Utterson that months ago he saw a sinister-looking man named Edward Hyde trample a young girl after accidentally bumping into her. Enfield forced Hyde to pay 100 to avoid a scandal. Hyde brought them to this door and provided a cheque signed by a reputable gentleman (later revealed to be doctor Henry jekyll, a friend and client of Utterson).
Utterson is disturbed because jekyll recently changed his will to make hyde the sole beneficiary. Utterson fears that Hyde is blackmailing jekyll. When Utterson tries to discuss Hyde with jekyll, jekyll turns pale and asks that Hyde be left alone. One night in October, a servant sees Hyde beat to death Sir Danvers Carew, another of Utterson's clients. The police contact Utterson, who leads officers to hyde's apartment. Hyde has vanished, but they find half of a broken cane.
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She said that in effect the story was really an allegory, but Robert was writing it as a story. After for a while, robert called her back into the bedroom and pointed to a pile of ashes: he had burnt the manuscript in fear that he would try to salvage it, and in the process forced himself to start again from nothing, writing an allegorical. Scholars debate whether he really burnt his manuscript; there is no direct factual evidence for the burning, but it remains an integral part of the history of the novella. 11 Stevenson re-wrote the story in three to six days. A number of later biographers have alleged that Stevenson was on drugs during the frantic re-write; for example, william Gray's revisionist history a literary life (2004) said he used cocaine while other biographers said he used ergot. 12 However, the standard history, according to the accounts of his wife and son (and himself says he was bed-ridden and sick while writing. According to Osbourne, "The mere physical feat was tremendous and, instead of harming him, it roused and cheered him inexpressibly". He continued to refine the work for four to six weeks after the initial re-write.
According to author Jeremy hodges, 9 Stevenson was present throughout the trial and as "the evidence unfolded he found himself, like dr jekyll, 'aghast before the acts of Edward Hyde'." Moreover, it was believed that the doctor had committed other murders both in France and. 10 louis vivet, a mental patient who was suffering from dissociative identity disorder, caught Frederic. Myers's attention and he wrote to Stevenson after the story was published. Stevenson was polite in his response but rejected that reading. As was customary, mrs Stevenson would read the draft and offer her criticisms in the margins. Robert Stevenson was confined to bed at the time from a haemorrhage. Therefore, she left her comments with the manuscript and Robert in the toilet.
I was dreaming a fine bogey tale." I had awakened him at the first transformation scene. 7 Lloyd Osbourne, stevenson's stepson, wrote: "I don't believe that there was ever such a literary feat before as the writing of Dr jekyll. I remember the first reading as though it were yesterday. Louis came downstairs in a fever; read nearly half the book aloud; and then, while we were still gasping, he was away again, and busy writing. I doubt if the first draft took so long as three days." 7 Inspiration may also have come from the writer's friendship with Edinburgh-based French teacher Eugene Chantrelle, who was convicted and executed for the murder of his wife in may 1878. 8 Chantrelle, who had appeared to lead a normal life in the city, poisoned his wife with opium.
While still a teenager, he developed a script for a play about. Deacon Brodie, which he later reworked with the help. Henley and which was produced for the first time in 1882. 6, in early 1884, he wrote the short story ". Markheim which he revised in 1884 for publication. According to his essay, "A Chapter on Dreams" (. 1888 he racked his brains for an idea for a story and had a dream, and upon wakening had the intuition for two or three scenes that would appear in the story. Strange case of Dr jekyll and.
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For other uses, see. Strange case of Dr jekyll and Mr Hyde is a gothic novella by the Scottish author, robert louis Stevenson first published in 1886. The work is also known. The Strange case. Hyde, or simply, jekyll hyde. 1, it is about a london lawyer named Gabriel John Utterson who investigates strange occurrences between his old friend, garden Dr Henry jekyll, 2 3 and the evil Edward Hyde. The novella's impact is such that it has become a part of the language, with the very phrase "jekyll and Hyde" entering the vernacular to refer to people with an unpredictably dual nature: usually very good, but sometimes shockingly evil instead. 4 5, contents, inspiration and writing edit. Robert louis Stevenson, stevenson had long been intrigued by the idea of how human personalities can affect how to incorporate the interplay of good and evil into a story.