The next day, henry calls on Miss Barkley again. The head nurse expresses surprise that an American would want to join the Italian army, and tells him that Miss Barkley is gone- but says that Henry may come back to see her at seven o'clock that night. Henry drives back along the trenches, eats dinner, then returns to see miss Barkley. He finds her waiting with Helen Ferguson; Helen excuses herself, and Henry tries to put his arm around her. She refuses, but allows him to kiss her. Then she begins to cry, and Henry is annoyed. When Henry goes home, rinaldi is amused. Three nights later, henry sees Miss Barkley again; she tells him to call her Catherine.
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The priest encourages him to visit the cold, clear country of Abruzzo, but the other men have other suggestions. When he returns from his writer leave, henry discusses his trip with his roommate, the surgeon Rinaldi. Henry claims to have traveled throughout Italy, and Rinaldi, who is obsessed with beautiful girls, tells him about a group of new English women and claims to be in love with a miss Barkley. Henry loans him fifty lire (Italian money). At dinner that night, the priest is hurt that Henry failed to visit Abruzzi. Henry feels guilty, and tells him that he wanted to visit Abruzzi. The next morning, henry examines the gun batteries and quizzes the mechanics; sylvia then he travels to visit Miss Barkley and the English nurses with Rinaldi. He is immediately struck by miss Barkley's beauty, and especially by her long blonde hair. Miss Barkley tells Henry that her fiancee was killed in the battle of the somme, and Henry tells her he has never loved anyone. On the way back, rinaldi observes that Miss Barkley liked Henry more than she liked Rinaldi, but that her friend, helen Ferguson, was nice too.
Summary, book i, chapters 1-6, frederic Henry begins his story by describing his situation: he is an American in the Italian army near the front with Austria-hungary, a mile from the fighting. Every day he sees troops marching and hears gunfire; often the king rides through the town. A cholera epidemic has spread through the army, he says, but only seven thousand die. His unit moves to a town in Gorizia, further from the fighting, which continues in the mountains beyond. His situation is relatively enjoyable; the town is not badly damaged, with nice cafes and two brothels-one for the officers and one for the enlisted men. One day henry bill sits in the mess hall with a group of fellow officers taunting the military priest. A captain accuses the priest of cavorting with women, and the priest blushes; though he is not religious, henry treats the priest kindly. After teasing the priest, the Italians argue over where henry should take his leave; because the winter is approaching, the fighting will ease, and Henry, an ambulance driver, will be able to spend some time away from the front.
On July 8, 1918, a trench mortar shell struck him while he crouched beyond the front lines with three italian soldiers. Though Hemingway embellished the story of his wounding over the years, this much is certain: he was transferred to a hospital in Milan, where he fell in love with a red Cross nurse named Agnes von Kurowsky. Scholars are divided over Agnes' role in Hemingway's life and writing, but there is little doubt that his affair with her provided the background for a farewell to Arms, which many critics consider to be hemingway's greatest novel. Published in 1929, a farewell to Arms tells the story of Frederic Henry, a young American ambulance driver and first lieutenant tenente in the Italian army. Hit in the leg by a trench mortar shell in the fighting between Italy and Austria-hungary, henry is transferred to a hospital in Milan, where he falls in love with an English Red Cross nurse named Catherine barkley. The similarities to hemingway's own life are obvious. After the war, when he had published several novels and become a famous writer, hemingway claimed that the account of Henry's wounding in a farewell to Arms was the most accurate version of his own wounding he had ever written. Hemingway's life certainly gave the novel a trenchant urgency, and its similarity to his own experience no doubt helped him refine the terse, realistic, descriptive style for which he became famous, and which made him one of the most influential American writers of the twentieth.
About a, boy, summary
These sentences are composed largely of nouns and verbs, have few adjectives and adverbs, and rely on repetition and rhythm for much of their effect. The resulting terse, concentrated prose is concrete and unemotional yet is often resonant and capable of conveying great irony through understatement. Hemingway's use of dialogue was similarly fresh, simple, and natural-sounding. The influence of this style was felt worldwide wherever novels were written, particularly from the 1930s through the '50s.A consummately contradictory man, hemingway achieved a fame surpassed by few, if any, american authors of the 20th century. The virile nature of his writing, which attempted to re-create the exact physical sensations he experienced in wartime, big-game hunting, and bullfighting, in fact masked an aesthetic sensibility of great delicacy.
He was a celebrity long before he reached middle age, but his popularity continues to be validated by serious critical opinion. Context, ernest Hemingway was born in oak park, illinois, in the summer of 1899. As a young man, he left home to become a newspaper writer in Kansas City. Early in 1918, he joined the Italian Red Cross and became an ambulance driver in Italy, serving in the battlefield in the first World War, in which the Italians allied with the British, the French, and the Americans, against Germany and Austria-hungary. In Italy, he observed the carnage and the brutality of the Great War firsthand.
He settled in Ketchum, Idaho, and tried to lead his life and do his work as before. For a while he succeeded, but, anxiety-ridden and depressed, he was twice hospitalized at the mayo clinic in Rochester, minnesota, where he received electroshock treatments. Two days after his return to the house in Ketchum, he took his life with a shotgun. Hemingway had married four times and fathered three sons. He left behind a substantial amount of manuscript, some which has been published. A moveable feast, an entertaining memoir of his years in Paris (1921-26) before he was famous, was issued in 1964.
Islands in the Stream, three closely related novellas growing directly out of his peacetime memories of the caribbean island of Bimini, of havana during World War ii, and of searching for U-boats off Cuba, appeared in 1970.Hemingway's characters plainly embody his own values and view. The main characters of The sun Also rises, a farewell to Arms, and For Whom the bell Tolls are young men whose strength and self-confidence nevertheless coexist with a sensitivity that leaves them deeply scarred by their wartime experiences. War was for Hemingway a potent symbol of the world, which he viewed as complex, filled with moral ambiguities, and offering almost unavoidable pain, hurt, and destruction. To survive in such a world, and perhaps emerge victorious, one must conduct oneself with honour, courage, endurance, and dignity, a set of principles known as "the hemingway code.". To behave well in the lonely, losing battle with life is to show "grace under pressure" and constitutes in itself a kind of victory, a theme clearly established in The Old Man and the sea. Hemingway's prose style was probably the most widely imitated of any in the 20th century. He wished to strip his own use of language of inessentials, ridding it of all traces of verbosity, embellishment, and sentimentality. In striving to be as objective and honest as possible, hemingway hit upon the device of describing a series of actions using short, simple sentences from which all comment or emotional rhetoric have been eliminated.
About, a, boy, summary, english Literature Essay
Jordan's mission is to blow up a strategic bridge near Segovia in order to aid a coming Republican attack, which he realizes is doomed to fail. In an atmosphere of impending disaster, he blows up the bridge but is wounded and makes his retreating comrades leave him behind, where he prepares a last-minute resistance to his Nationalist l of his life hemingway was fascinated by war-in a farewell to Arms. He flew several missions with the royal Air Force and crossed the English Channel with American troops on d-day (June 6, 1944). Attaching himself to the 22nd Regiment report of the 4th Infantry division, he saw a good deal of action business in Normandy and in the battle of the bulge. He also participated in the liberation of Paris and, although ostensibly a journalist, he impressed professional soldiers not only as a man of courage in battle but also as a real expert in military matters, guerrilla activities, and intelligence llowing the war in Europe, hemingway. He also traveled widely, and on a trip to Africa he was injured in a plane crash. Soon after (in 1953 he received the pulitzer Prize in fiction for The Old Man and the sea (1952 a short, heroic novel about an old Cuban fisherman who, after an extended struggle, hooks and boats a giant marlin only to have it eaten. This book, which played a role in gaining for Hemingway the nobel Prize for Literature in 1954, was as enthusiastically praised as his previous novel, Across the river and into the Trees (1950 the story of a professional army officer who dies while on leave.
Still deeply attached to that country, hemingway made four trips there, once more a correspondent. He raised money for the republicans in their struggle against the nationalists under General Francisco Franco, and he wrote a play called The fifth Column (1938 which is set in besieged Madrid. As in many of his books, the protagonist of the play is based on the author. Following his last visit to the Spanish war he purchased Finca vigia lookout Farm an unpretentious estate outside havana, cuba, and went to cover another war-the japanese invasion of China. The harvest of Hemingway's considerable experience of Spain in war and peace was the novel For Whom the bell Tolls (1940 a substantial and impressive work writing that some critics consider his finest novel, in preference to a farewell to Arms. It was also the most successful of all his books as measured in sales. Set during the Spanish civil War, it tells of Robert Jordan, an American volunteer who is sent to join a guerrilla band behind the nationalist lines in the guadarrama mountains. Most of the novel concerns Jordan's relations with the varied personalities of the band, including the girl Maria, with whom he falls in love. Through dialogue, flashbacks, and stories, hemingway offers telling and vivid profiles of the Spanish character and unsparingly depicts the cruelty and inhumanity stirred up by the civil war.
lieutenant Frederic Henry falls in love with the English nurse catherine barkley, who tends him during his recuperation after being wounded. She becomes pregnant by him, but he must return to his post. Henry deserts during the Italians' disastrous retreat after the battle of Caporetto, and the reunited couple flee italy by crossing the border into Switzerland. There, however, catherine and her baby die during childbirth, leaving Henry desolate at the loss of the great love of his life. Hemingway's love of Spain and his passion for bullfighting resulted in death in the Afternoon (1932 a learned study of a spectacle he saw more as tragic ceremony than as sport. Similarly, a safari he took in 1933-34 in the big-game region of Tanganyika resulted in The Green Hills of Africa (1935 an account of big-game hunting. Mostly for the fishing, he bought a house in key west, Florida, and bought his own fishing boat. A minor novel of 1937 called to have and have not is about a caribbean desperado and is set against a background of lower-class violence and upper-class decadence in key west during the Great now Spain was in the midst of civil war.
Advised and essay encouraged by other American writers in Paris-F. Scott Fitzgerald, gertrude Stein, ezra pound-he began to see his nonjournalistic work appear in print there, and in 1923 his first important book, a collection of stories called In Our Time, was published in New York city. In 1926 he published The sun Also rises, a novel with which he scored his first solid success. A pessimistic but sparkling book, it deals with a group of aimless expatriates in France and Spain-members of the postwar "lost generation a phrase that Hemingway scorned while making it famous. This work also introduced him to the limelight, which he both craved and resented for the rest of his life. Hemingway's The torrents of Spring, a parody of the American writer Sherwood Anderson's book dark laughter, also appeared in e writing of books occupied him for most of the postwar years. He remained based in Paris, but he traveled widely for the skiing, bullfighting, fishing, or hunting that by then had become part of his life and formed the background for much of his writing. His position as a master of short fiction had been advanced by men Without Women in 1927 and thoroughly established with the stories in Winner take nothing in 1933. Among his finest stories are "The killers "The Short Happy life of Francis Macomber and "The Snows of Kilimanjaro." At least in the public view, however, the novel a farewell to Arms (1929) overshadowed such works.
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Some info on ernest hemingway, the first son of Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a doctor, and Grace hall Hemingway, ernest Miller Hemingway was born in a suburb of Chicago. He was educated in the public schools and began to write in high school, where he was active and outstanding, but the parts of his boyhood that mattered most were summers spent with his family on Walloon lake in upper Michigan. On graduation from high school in 1917, impatient for a less sheltered environment, he did not enter college but went to kansas City, where he was employed as a reporter for the Star. He was repeatedly rejected for military service because of a defective eye, but he managed to enter World War i as an ambulance driver for the American Red Cross. On July 8, 1918, not yet 19 years old, he was injured on the austro-Italian front at Fossalta di piave. Decorated for heroism and hospitalized in Milan, he fell in love with a red Cross nurse, agnes von writing Kurowsky, who declined to marry him. These were experiences he was never to forget. After recuperating at home, hemingway renewed his efforts at writing, for a while worked at odd jobs in Chicago, and sailed for France as a foreign correspondent for the toronto Star.